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Child Support in Texas

Welcome to Lovein Ribman, where we understand the intricate dynamics and legal complexities surrounding child support in Texas family law. Child support is a crucial aspect of family law that aims to ensure children receive the financial support they need for their well-being and development post-divorce or separation. Our dedicated team of family law attorneys specializes in navigating the intricacies of child support matters, offering compassionate guidance, strategic advocacy, and personalized legal solutions tailored to meet the unique needs of each client. With a deep understanding of Texas child support laws and extensive experience representing clients in family law proceedings, we are committed to helping parents secure fair and just child support arrangements that prioritize the best interests of their children. Whether you’re seeking to establish, modify, or enforce child support orders, Lovein Ribman is here to provide the expert legal representation and support you need to protect your children’s financial future.


Navigating child support laws in Texas is crucial for ensuring the well-being of children following divorce or separation. At Lovein Ribman, we understand the intricacies of these laws and are dedicated to providing expert guidance to our clients. Below, we break down key aspects of child support laws in Texas:

Calculation of Child Support:

In Texas, the calculation of child support follows guidelines outlined in the Texas Family Code. The goal of these guidelines is to ensure that children receive adequate financial support from both parents, regardless of marital status. The process typically involves assessing the income of the non-custodial parent, as well as certain expenses related to the child’s care and upbringing.

Factors Considered in Calculating Child Support

Income of the Non-Custodial Parent:

  • The primary factor in calculating child support is the income of the non-custodial parent. This includes wages, salaries, bonuses, commissions, self-employment income, rental income, and other sources of revenue.
  • If the non-custodial parent has fluctuating income or irregular sources of income, the court may average their earnings over a specified period to determine a consistent support amount.

Number of Children Requiring Support:

  • The number of children requiring support is another crucial factor. Generally, as the number of children increases, the child support obligation also increases to ensure that each child’s needs are adequately met.

Additional Expenses:

  • In addition to basic child support, the court may also consider certain additional expenses related to the child’s care, such as healthcare costs, daycare expenses, educational expenses, and extracurricular activities.
  • These additional expenses are typically divided between the parents in proportion to their respective incomes.

Health Insurance and Medical Costs:

  • The court may also factor in the cost of health insurance premiums for the child, as well as any uninsured medical expenses. These costs are typically allocated between the parents based on their ability to pay.

Custody Arrangements:

  • The custody arrangement, including the amount of time each parent spends with the child, can also impact the calculation of child support. In cases of shared custody or visitation, adjustments may be made to the support amount to reflect the shared parenting responsibilities.

Standard of Living and Needs of the Child:

  • The court considers the standard of living the child would have enjoyed if the parents had remained together, as well as the child’s individual needs and circumstances.
  • Factors such as the child’s age, health, education, and special needs may influence the determination of child support.

Financial Resources and Obligations of Each Parent:

  • The court takes into account the financial resources and obligations of each parent, including their ability to provide for the child’s needs while also meeting their own financial obligations.

Calculating child support involves a careful assessment of various factors to ensure that children receive the financial support they require for their well-being and development.

Understanding Modification of Child Support Orders in Texas

Modifying child support orders in Texas is a legal process that allows parents to request changes to existing support obligations due to significant changes in circumstances. The following is a brief breakdown of the laws governing modification of child support orders in Texas:

Substantial Change in Circumstances:

  • In Texas, a parent seeking to modify a child support order must demonstrate a substantial change in circumstances since the entry of the existing order. This change must be significant and unexpected, affecting the financial circumstances of one or both parents or the needs of the child.

Examples of Qualifying Changes:

  • Qualifying changes may include a significant increase or decrease in the income of one or both parents, changes in employment status, changes in the child’s needs (such as medical expenses or educational costs), or changes in custody arrangements.
  • It’s essential to document and provide evidence of the changed circumstances when requesting a modification of child support.

Filing a Petition for Modification:

  • To initiate the modification process, the requesting parent must file a petition for modification with the court that issued the original child support order.
  • The petition must clearly outline the reasons for seeking the modification and provide supporting documentation, such as income statements, employment records, or medical bills.

Notice to the Other Parent:

  • The petitioning parent must serve notice of the modification request to the other parent, giving them an opportunity to respond to the proposed changes.
  • The non-requesting parent has the right to contest the modification and present their own evidence to the court.

Court Review and Hearing:

  • After receiving the petition for modification, the court will review the requested changes and consider the evidence presented by both parties.
  • If the court determines that a substantial change in circumstances has occurred and that modification is warranted, it will issue a modified child support order reflecting the new terms.

Retroactive Modification:

  • In some cases, child support modifications may be made retroactive to the date of filing the modification petition, rather than the date of the changed circumstances.
  • However, retroactive modifications are subject to certain limitations and requirements, and the court has discretion in determining whether retroactive modification is appropriate.

Legal Assistance and Representation:

  • Navigating the process of modifying child support orders can be complex, and it’s essential to seek legal assistance from experienced family law attorneys like those at Lovein Ribman.
  • Our attorneys can provide guidance on gathering evidence, preparing the modification petition, and presenting your case effectively in court.

Modifying child support orders in Texas requires a thorough understanding of the legal process and the specific circumstances involved.

Enforcement of Child Support Orders

Enforcement of child support orders in Texas is crucial to ensure that children receive the financial support they need for their well-being and development. The following is a breakdown of the laws governing the enforcement of child support orders in Texas:

Obligation to Pay Child Support:

  • In Texas, parents are legally obligated to provide financial support for their children, regardless of their marital status or custody arrangement.
  • Child support orders issued by the court outline the specific amount of support to be paid and the frequency of payments.

Methods of Enforcement:

Texas has various enforcement mechanisms in place to ensure compliance with child support orders. These methods may include:

  • Wage Garnishment: The most common method of enforcement, where child support payments are automatically deducted from the non-custodial parent’s paycheck.
  • Interception of Tax Refunds: The Texas Child Support Division can intercept federal tax refunds to satisfy past-due child support obligations.
  • Liens and Seizure of Assets: The court may place liens on property or seize assets to enforce child support orders.
  • Suspension of Licenses: The Texas Department of Motor Vehicles or the Texas Department of Licensing and Regulation may suspend driver’s licenses, professional licenses, or hunting and fishing licenses for non-compliance with child support orders.
  • Contempt of Court: A parent who willfully fails to comply with a child support order may be held in contempt of court, which can result in fines, imprisonment, or other penalties.

Role of the Texas Child Support Division:

  • The Texas Child Support Division, a division of the Office of the Attorney General, oversees the enforcement of child support orders in the state.
  • The Child Support Division has the authority to take enforcement actions on behalf of custodial parents, including wage garnishment and interception of tax refunds.
  • Additionally, the Child Support Division provides assistance to parents seeking to enforce child support orders and can help locate non-custodial parents who are delinquent in their payments.

Rights of the Custodial Parent:

  • Custodial parents have the right to seek enforcement of child support orders through the court system.
  • If a non-custodial parent fails to comply with a child support order, the custodial parent can file a motion for enforcement with the court, which may result in additional enforcement measures being taken.

Legal Assistance and Representation:

  • Navigating the enforcement of child support orders can be complex, and it’s essential to seek legal assistance from experienced family law attorneys like those at Lovein Ribman.
  • Our attorneys can help you understand your rights, gather evidence of non-compliance, and pursue enforcement actions through the appropriate legal channels.

Enforcing child support orders in Texas is essential to ensure that children receive the financial support they need for their well-being and development.

Understanding the Duration of Child Support in Texas

In Texas, child support obligations typically continue until certain conditions are met, ensuring that children receive the financial support they need for their well-being and development. The following is detailed breakdown of the laws governing the duration of child support in Texas:

Age of Majority:

  • In Texas, child support obligations generally terminate when the child reaches the age of majority, which is 18 years old.
  • At this age, the child is considered legally emancipated and responsible for their own financial support.

Graduation from High School:

  • If the child is still attending high school when they turn 18, child support may continue until the child graduates from high school, provided that graduation occurs before the child’s 19th birthday.

This provision ensures that children receive support until they complete their secondary education.

Exceptional Circumstances:

  • In certain exceptional circumstances, child support may extend beyond the age of majority or high school graduation.
  • For example, if the child has a physical or mental disability that prevents them from becoming self-supporting, child support may continue indefinitely.
  • Additionally, if the child is enrolled in higher education or vocational training after high school, child support may continue while the child is pursuing their education.

Agreements between Parents:

  • Parents have the option to agree to extend child support beyond the statutory requirements.
  • This may occur through a written agreement between the parents or as part of a court-approved settlement agreement.
  • However, any extension of child support must be agreed upon voluntarily and in the best interests of the child.

Modification of Child Support Orders:

  • Child support orders issued by the court are subject to modification if there is a significant change in circumstances.
  • If circumstances warrant, either parent can petition the court to modify the child support order to extend or terminate support obligations.
  • Factors such as changes in the child’s needs, the financial situation of the parents, or the child’s educational pursuits may justify a modification of the support order.

Termination of Parental Rights:

  • In cases where a parent’s rights are terminated, such as through adoption or court order, the terminated parent’s child support obligations may also end.
  • However, termination of parental rights does not automatically relieve the terminated parent of past-due child support obligations unless specifically ordered by the court.

Lovein Ribman recognizes the significance of child support in ensuring the well-being and stability of children post-divorce or separation. Our dedicated team of family law attorneys is committed to providing compassionate and effective representation to clients navigating child support matters in Texas. Whether you are seeking to establish, modify, enforce, or understand the duration of child support obligations, our experienced attorneys are here to guide you through every step of the legal process. We prioritize the best interests of your children and work tirelessly to secure fair and just outcomes that protect their financial future. Contact Lovein Ribman today to schedule a consultation and receive the expert legal assistance you need to navigate child support issues with confidence.

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