Navigating Adoptions
with Compassion

“It was truly refreshing to see such superior professionalism. I am grateful for their expert guidance. I would highly recommend Lovein Ribman without any hesitation.” — Eye Surgeon

Adoption in Texas

At Lovein Ribman, we recognize that adoption is a profoundly meaningful journey for all involved parties, marked by hope, joy, and the promise of a brighter future. As experienced family law attorneys, we are honored to support families through every step of the adoption process, providing compassionate guidance, legal expertise, and unwavering advocacy. Below, we’ll explore the various types of adoption available in Texas, outline the legal requirements and procedures involved, and demonstrate how Lovein Ribman’s dedicated team of attorneys can help you navigate the complexities of adoption with confidence and peace of mind. Whether you’re considering growing your family through adoption or seeking legal assistance with the adoption process, Lovein Ribman is here to provide the support and expertise you need to make your adoption dreams a reality.


The legal adoption process in Texas family law is a comprehensive procedure designed to ensure the best interests of the child while providing legal recognition and protection to adoptive parents. The following is a general overview of the adoption process in Texas.

Adoption Process

Eligibility and Pre-Adoption Requirements

  • Prospective adoptive parents must meet certain eligibility criteria, including age requirements, residency, and suitability to provide a stable and nurturing environment for the child.
  • Before initiating the adoption process, prospective adoptive parents may need to undergo background checks, home studies, and pre-adoption training to assess their readiness and suitability for adoption.

Choosing an Adoption Agency or Attorney

  • Prospective adoptive parents can choose to work with either a licensed adoption agency or an adoption attorney to facilitate the adoption process.
  • Adoption agencies provide services such as matching prospective parents with children, providing counseling and support services, and overseeing the legal aspects of the adoption.
  • Adoption attorneys assist clients with navigating the legal requirements of adoption, preparing legal documents, and representing their interests throughout the process.

Consent and Termination of Parental Rights

  • Before an adoption can proceed, parental rights of the child’s biological parents or legal guardians must be terminated.
  • Consent to adoption may be obtained voluntarily from the biological parents, or parental rights may be terminated involuntarily by court order in cases of abandonment, neglect, abuse, or other grounds as determined by law.

Petition for Adoption

  • Once parental rights have been terminated, the prospective adoptive parents file a petition for adoption in the appropriate court.
  • The petition for adoption typically includes information about the adoptive parents, the child to be adopted, the grounds for termination of parental rights, and any other relevant details required by law.

Home Study and Investigation

  • As part of the adoption process, the court may order a home study or investigation to assess the suitability of the adoptive parents and ensure the child’s safety and well-being.
  • The home study may include interviews, background checks, home visits, and evaluations of the prospective adoptive parents’ ability to provide a stable and nurturing environment for the child.

Adoption Hearing and Finalization

  • After completing all necessary requirements and evaluations, the adoption petition is scheduled for a hearing before a judge.
  • At the adoption hearing, the judge reviews the case, ensures that all legal requirements have been met, and determines whether the adoption is in the best interests of the child.
  • If the judge approves the adoption, a final adoption decree is issued, legally recognizing the adoptive parents as the child’s legal parents and granting all rights and responsibilities associated with parenthood.

Post-Adoption Support and Services

  • Following the finalization of adoption, adoptive families may receive post-adoption support and services to assist with the transition and integration of the child into their new family.
  • These services may include counseling, support groups, educational resources, and referrals to community resources to help ensure the long-term success and stability of the adoptive placement.

The legal adoption process in Texas is a meticulous journey that requires careful planning, preparation, and adherence to legal requirements to ensure the well-being of the child and the protection of the adoptive parents’ rights.

Types of Adoptions

In Texas, there are several types of adoption available to prospective parents, each with its own set of legal requirements and procedures. The following is a brief overview of the various types of adoption.

Agency Adoption

  • Agency adoption involves working with a licensed adoption agency, either public or private, to adopt a child.
  • Public agencies, such as the Texas Department of Family and Protective Services (DFPS), facilitate adoptions of children in the state’s foster care system.
  • Private adoption agencies, including non-profit organizations and religious institutions, also assist in facilitating adoptions, often involving birth parents who voluntarily place their child for adoption.

Independent Adoption

  • Independent adoption, also known as private adoption, occurs when adoptive parents work directly with the birth parents or through an intermediary, such as an attorney or adoption facilitator, without the involvement of an adoption agency.
  • In independent adoptions, adoptive parents typically assume responsibility for finding a suitable match with a birth parent and coordinating legal proceedings.

Stepparent Adoption

  • Stepparent adoption occurs when a stepparent wishes to adopt their spouse’s child from a previous relationship.
  • In stepparent adoptions, the non-custodial biological parent’s parental rights must be terminated, either voluntarily or involuntarily, before the stepparent can adopt the child.

Relative Adoption

  • Relative adoption, also known as kinship adoption, involves a family member, such as a grandparent, aunt, uncle, or sibling, adopting a child related by blood or marriage.
  • Relative adoptions may occur when the child’s biological parents are unable or unwilling to care for the child, and a family member steps forward to provide a permanent home.

International Adoption

  • International adoption involves adopting a child from another country and bringing them into the United States to become a permanent member of the adoptive family.
  • International adoptions require compliance with both U.S. immigration laws and the adoption laws and procedures of the child’s country of origin.

Adult Adoption

  • Adult adoption occurs when an adult adopts another adult, typically for inheritance or legal recognition purposes.
  • Adult adoptions may also occur in cases where a significant familial relationship exists, such as between a stepparent and stepchild.

Each type of adoption in Texas has its own unique requirements, procedures, and legal considerations. Prospective adoptive parents should consult with an experienced adoption attorney or adoption agency to determine the most suitable adoption option for their individual circumstances and to navigate the adoption process effectively.

We understand that adoption is a profound and life-changing decision for all parties involved. Our commitment to assisting families in navigating the complexities of adoption extends beyond mere legal representation. We strive to provide compassionate guidance, unwavering support, and expert advocacy to prospective adoptive parents, birth parents, and children throughout the adoption process. Whether you’re considering agency adoption, independent adoption, stepparent adoption, or any other type of adoption in Texas, our experienced family law attorneys are here to help you achieve a successful and fulfilling adoption experience. With our personalized approach, extensive legal knowledge, and dedication to serving our clients’ best interests, Lovein Ribman is your trusted partner in building loving and permanent families through adoption. Contact us today to learn more about our adoption legal services and how we can assist you in realizing your adoption goals.

Contact a Family Law Attorney


Submit this Simple Form or Call (888) 368-2483 to Talk to a Health Care Attorney

“Lovein Ribman is an exceptional firm and quite literally one of the finest we have ever worked with. Mr. Lovein has represented us over the years on a number of matters and has always been extremely effective at accomplishing our objectives in a prompt and efficient manner. Attorney Lovein is extremely knowledgeable and packs a mighty punch, often reaching into large corporations to turn levers thereby ensuring their smaller vendors are treated fairly and equitably.”  – Miami Filters, LLC

“We have worked with many law firms all over the United States since we are a multi-state contractor. This firm is one of the best. They are very professional and well versed in the law and yet make you feel like they are part of your everyday management team! I highly recommend Lovein Ribman!”  – Premier Site Services, LLC

“I cannot say enough about the attorneys at Lovein Ribman, who for well over a decade have consistently provided our company with immediate access and response, wise and thorough legal advice, guidance and representation through some of our most challenging of times.  Thank you for always being there for us.”  – K. Simon Construction
“Lovein Ribman is amazing! We’ve worked with them as needed for a few years now. Whether it’s a big issue or small, they always give us prompt attention and excellent assistance in resolving any issue. I would highly recommend them to anyone in the construction industry!”  – Mak Studio
“Robert Lovein and the entire Lovein Ribman team are great attorneys and a real asset to our company. I have consulted with them on countless projects over the past 12 years and they have always been great to work with. They are my go-to group for all legal-related matters.”  – CODY Air Conditioning & Heating
“This firm is very professional and timely. We have been working with them for 13+ years and will continue to do so. Couldn’t recommend a better team of lawyers to work with. They are on your side!”  – RECS
“Lovein Ribman has handled our Construction Legal business for 6 years and no one is better. Very professional and they know the law very well.”  – ASI
“Lovein Ribman has represented our company for over a decade. They have handled all of our matters with utmost professionalism and timeliness. I don’t make recommendations easily, but would recommend this firm without hesitation. I would consider Lovein Ribman as some of my top business advisers.”  – Cheyenne Construction
Scroll to Top
Scroll to Top